The Paris Agreement Entered into Force in November 2016 and is an International Agreement to Combat Climate Change
On November 4, 2016, the Paris Agreement officially entered into force, marking a historic moment in the fight against climate change. Signed by 195 countries in December 2015, the agreement aims to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Under the Paris Agreement, participating countries have committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve this goal. Each country has set its own individual targets, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which are reviewed and revised every five years to reflect the latest science and technological developments.
In addition to reducing emissions, the Paris Agreement also includes provisions for developing countries to receive financial and technological assistance to help them transition to a low-carbon economy. This is important because developing countries often lack the resources and infrastructure necessary to make significant reductions in emissions on their own.
The Paris Agreement also emphasizes the importance of adaptation to the impacts of climate change, such as sea level rise, drought, and extreme weather events. Countries are encouraged to develop and implement adaptation plans to help their communities and ecosystems become more resilient to these impacts.
One of the key features of the Paris Agreement is its transparency framework, which is designed to ensure that countries are able to accurately report on their progress towards meeting their NDCs. This includes requirements for regular reporting, verification, and review of emissions data and progress towards meeting targets.
The Paris Agreement represents a critical step forward in the global effort to combat climate change. By bringing together countries from around the world to work towards a common goal, the agreement has the potential to drive significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and help keep the planet within a safe and sustainable temperature range.
As we continue to face the urgent threat of climate change, it is essential that we work together to implement the Paris Agreement and take bold and decisive action to protect our planet and future generations.